Polis Chrysochous · Cyprus · Twenty Years of Excavation
Excavation began in 1984. The upper levels are of the Byzantine Period
(6th to 10th century C.E.): the small church on the extreme left of the
photograph; a north-south street in the foreground with a well-house at
the lower left and a tetrapylon on the lower right, where the street crosses
another street, running east-west.
In the middle ground, at a depth of 3m, partially back-filled, are remains
of the sixth, fifth and fourth centuries B.C. largely destroyed by massive
Roman foundations that criss-cross the area (some removed by the excavation).
A test was sunk to a depth of 8m below the surface level just at the southeast
corner of the church. Apparently there was a deep crevasse here originally
which gradually filled with debris washed down from the west. The wash contained
Chalcolithic pottery at its bottom (4th and 3rd millennia B.C.) and quantities
of Late Bronze Age fragments of White Slip bowls just below the later Iron
Age levels of habitation.