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Mt. Sinai with adjacent regions. A 1483 woodcut map by Erhard Reuwich (Published in Bernhard von Breydenbach, Peregrinationes in . . . Jerusalem . . . atque in Montem Sinai . . . , Mainz, 1486)
The Monastery of St. Catherine, surrounded by the mountains, is visible in the upper left corner of this detailed map. The most prominent peak is Mt. Sinai, actually Mt. St. Catherine, the legendary locus of her tomb. To the right is the Gulf of Suez, and in the distant center the town of Mecca "in which is the tomb of Mohammed." The river Nile is shown running diagonally from the upper right to the lower left. On the left bank of the Nile (our right) are the Pyramids, labeled "tombs of Egyptian kings"; on the right bank (our left) is the city of Cairo, labeled "Chayru." The city of Alexandria is visible in the lower right corner.