Mt. Sinai with adjacent regions. A 1483
woodcut map by Erhard Reuwich (Published in Bernhard von Breydenbach,
Peregrinationes in . . . Jerusalem . . . atque in Montem Sinai . .
. , Mainz, 1486)
The Monastery of St. Catherine, surrounded by the mountains,
is visible in the upper left corner of this detailed map. The most prominent
peak is Mt. Sinai, actually Mt. St. Catherine, the legendary locus of her tomb.
To the right is the Gulf of Suez, and in the distant center the town of Mecca
"in which is the tomb of Mohammed." The river Nile is shown running diagonally
from the upper right to the lower left. On the left bank of the Nile (our right)
are the Pyramids, labeled "tombs of Egyptian kings"; on the right bank (our
left) is the city of Cairo, labeled "Chayru." The city of Alexandria is visible
in the lower right corner.