for Robert Wardy's Workshop
East and West
March 30 - April 1, 2001
Note: If your web browser can reaed non-Latin scripts, you may prefer
to read this handout in Big5 encoding.
For those linguistically challenged computers, this document displays
the Greek and Chinese as images.
example: false pretences
"to lead a discussion on a comparative topic of your choice"
(chung kuo): disorientation and comparison as practice, not
example: getting names right
"a strategy of comparative reading which, though historically informed,
does not depend on an historical connection or influence for comparison"
(ii) to compare and contrast
Plato's Cratylus on "the correctness of names" (ho orthotês
tôn onomatôn, )
with Xunzi's "name rectification" (,
cheng ming): a parody?
example: wily Jesuits
friends by any name: (p'eng-you)
the associations of (i),
represented dialogue and
(tao cheng ch'uan), "orthodox transmission of the Way"
(iv) "comparison" as a hermeneutic
example: glossing the text
again, the precedence of practice over product
Question: "what constitutes an authentic text, genre, or author in disparate
traditions?" Chinese answer: commentary; Western answer: commentary
the circle of authority
(iv) inauthentic pretensions?
example: tact(lessness) and tyrants
no Chinese "rhetoric"
Greek horizontal transactions
Isocrates: against the barbarian and for efficacy
Mencius: Chinese vertical transactions and
(i wei), "to depose"
Alexander and Augustus
against sociopolitical determinism
Chuang Tzu: is there speech without
Gorgias: is this (logos)
nothing but a (paignion),
Tzu, "The sorting which evens things out", in Chuang-Tzu, The
Inner Chapters, trans., A. C. Graham: pp.48-61, especially
Encomium of Helen, ed. and trans., D. MacDowell
"To Philip", in Isocrates vol. 1, ed., G. Norlin,
Commentarium in Platonis Parmenidem: to be sampled
Commentary on Plato's Parmenides, trans., G. Morrow
and J. Dillon: to be sampled
Ricci, The True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven (T'ien-chu Shih-i),
trans., D. Lancashire and P. H. Kuo-chen, ed., E.
Malatesta: pp.56-61; 100-101; 408-11
Elder Seneca, Suasoria I, in The Elder Seneca vol.2, ed.,
On the Correct Use of Names, in J. Knoblock, Xunzi,
a translation and study of the complete works, vol. III:
Dillon, "A Case-Study in Commentary: the Neoplatonic Exegesis of the
Proomia of Plato's Dialogues", in G. Most (ed.), Commentaries
- Kommentare, pp.206-22
Henderson, Scripture, Canon, and Commentary, A Comparison of Confucian
and Western Exegesis
Wagner, "Exploring the Common Ground: Buddhist Commentaries on the Taoist
Classic Laozi", in G. Most (ed.), Commentaries - Kommentare,
Wardy, The Birth of Rhetoric, pp.25-51
R. Wardy, Aristotle in China,
texts available on the internet
reliability of internet-provided texts has no guarantee. Your mileage